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Race was a determining factor in recommending testing in this case. We suggest that you discuss this with parents before deciding on testing. A suggested opening for such a discussion might be: The chance of UTI in your child is borderline. We need to decide whether to test for a UTI using a catheter. Many studies suggest that black children have a lower risk of UTI compared to white children. If we consider these studies, it seems that your child's chance of UTI is low enough that a catheterization is not necessary. However, there is no known biological reason for why black children seem to have a lower chance of UTI. For this reason, testing for UTI would also be reasonable.
Race was not a determining factor in the recommendation to test/not test.